1 - 1911 - The Department of Hawaii, formerly known as the District of Hawaii, established
1-7 - 1940 - FDR ordered all Americans out of Far East, rushes supplies to Phil, called up naval reserve, ordered immediate Anglo-American staff talks in Singapore; oil companies in Batavia refused Japan demands
1 - 1941 - 24th and 25th Infantry Divisions activated at Schofield Barracks
1 - 1989 - WESTCOM gains forces in Alaska (USARAK).
2 - 1940 - Churchill decided to re-open Burma Road effective Oct. 17
2 - 1941 - FDR rejects Konoye offer of summit meeting unless China troops withdrawn first
2 - 1942 - Marines occupy Funafuti, Ellice Islands.
2 - 2002 - SFC Mark W. Jackson, Special Forces Operational Detachment-A 145, and five Filipino soldiers are killed when a man on a motorcycle set off a nail-laden, homemade bomb at an open-air restaurant outside the gate of Camp Enrile Malagutay, in Zamboanga, Philippines.
3 - 1944 - JCS approve Spruance/Nimitz plan to occupy Iwo Jima and Okinawa in Feb. and Apr. 1945 to provide air bases and staging bases for invasion of Japan
5 - 1963 - Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge reports to President John F. Kennedy from Saigon that South Vietnamese generals are planning a coup against President Ngo Dinh Diem. Kennedy and his administration had become increasingly concerned about Diem because of the rising tide of dissent against the Diem regime in South Vietnam. Diem, a Catholic in a predominantly Buddhist nation, refused to institute promised political reforms. He was opposed by numerous factions, not the least of which were the Buddhist priests.
8 - 1940 - FDR secret office sound-on-film recordings: "This country is ready to pull the trigger if the Japs do anything. I mean we won't stand any nonsense - public opinion won't in this country - from the Japs if they do some fool thing... That's the only real danger of our getting in - is that their foot will slip."
8 - 1941 - Secretary of State Cordell Hull demands Japan withdraw troops from China in advance of any diplomatic agreement
8 - 1950 - MacArthur crossed 38th line into NK at 3:14 am., 12 hours before UN passed resolution calling for a "unified, independent, democratic Korea" and instructing MacArthur to "insure conditions of stability throughout Korea"; Kim Philby passed to the Russians and the Chinese secret information about MacArthur's troop movements; on this same day, U.S. jets attack Soviet air base near Vladivostok as part of the "Secret Air War" between Russia and the U.S. on both sides of the Yalu.
11 - 1942 - Battle of Cape Esperance. A naval battle, Task Group 62.2 was protecting the southwest approaches in the landing of Army troops at Guadalcanal. While the U.S. is unable to stop Japan transports and Japanese bombardment airfield, the battle is an American victory.
12 - 2002 - Terrorists from the group, Jemaah Islamiyah, attack a discotheque in Bali, Indonesia, killing over two hundred, including 7 Americans and 88 Australians.
13 - 1942 - 1st Marine Division is reinforced by 164th Infantry Regiment of Americal Division, United States Army; this is the first major unit to reach Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.
15 - 1950 - MacArthur and Truman meet privately on Wake Island
15 - 1941 - FDR tells Churchill: "Japan situation definitely worse. I think they are headed north."
16 - 1941 - Army militant Tojo replaces Konoye as Prime Minister of Japan
16 - 1941 - Secretary of War Henry Stimson's diary notes this was a time of "diplomatic fencing" and "make sure that Japan was put into the wrong and made the first bad move"
16-20 - 1944 - "I Shall Return"
16 - 1946 - One-hundred thirty-five enlisted women arrived in Japan (8000th WAC Detachment) for duty at HQ, Eighth Army, Yokohama.
16 - 1964 - The People's Republic of China joins the rank of nations with atomic bomb capability, after a successful nuclear test on this day in 1964. China is the fifth member of this exclusive club, joining the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France. U.S. officials were not terribly surprised by the test; intelligence reports since the 1950s indicated that China was working to develop an atomic bomb, possibly aided by Soviet technicians and scientists. Nevertheless, the successful test did cause concern in the U.S. government.
17 - 1941 - Kimmel improves naval reconnaissance, but not 360-degree nor 24-hour patrols
17 - 1944 - Army troops are landed on Suluan and Dinagat Islands at the entrance to Leyte Gulf, Philippines.
23 - 1944 - Naval Battle for Leyte Gulf (23-26 October).
25 - 1910 - The District of Hawaii established (Headquarters located at the Alexander Young Hotel, Honolulu.
26 - 1942 - Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, ends as Marines repulse Japanese land and air attacks.
30 - 1942 - Japanese land second invasion force at Attu, Aleutian Islands. (See 16 September 1942)