Lt. Gen. Bruce C. Clarke
Lt. Gen. Bruce C. Clarke commanded the US Army, Pacific from December 1954 to April 1956. He enlisted in the Army in 1917 and gained appointment to the US Military Academy through the New York National Guard. He graduated in 1925 with a commission into the Corps of Engineers.
Education was very important to Clarke who dropped out of high school in order to enlist. In addition to his degree from West Point, he earned a civil engineering degree from Cornell University and an LLB from LaSalle. In addition, he was an equivalent graduate of the National War College and is credited with starting the Non-Commissioned Officers Academy system. From 1958-1960 he commanded the Continental Army Command, heading the entire Army school system which, at the time, had over 250,000 participants.
During World War I, Clarke served in the Coast Artillery Corps. In the Second World War, as a brigadier general, he led the relief of St. Vith during the Battle of the Bulge in 1944 that slowed the German attack. Writing afterward, Gen. Eisenhower credited Clarke's actions as the "turning point" in that battle. During the Korean War, Gen. Clarke commanded the I Corps and the X Corps. He also trained the First Republic of Korea Army.
Peacetime major commands for Gen. Clarke include Commanding General of the 1st Armored Division, Fort Hood, Texas, from 1951-1953. After his tour in Hawaii he commanded the 7th US Army in Germany. He received a promotion to general in August 1958. From 1960-1962 he served as Commander in Chief of US Army, Europe before retiring on 30 April.
Among Gen. Clarke's many decorations are the Distinguished Service Cross, the Distinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star, the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star, and numerous awards from other countries including France, Germany, Great Britain, Korea, and the Philippines. He died on 17 March 1988.
USARPAC postures and prepares the force for unified land operations, responds to threats, sustains and protects the force, and builds military relationships that develop partner defense capacity in order to contribute to a stable and secure U.S. Pacific Command area of responsibility.
Vincent K. Brooks